75 (fünfundsiebzig) kick-ass German words/phrases 🇩🇪 | Post 3: adjectives (to really get your point across!) 💁

Hallo und herzlich willkommen back to my series on kick-ass German!

Adjectives are an extremely important part of the German language. I must say, part of what drew me to learning German (in the early days) so much was how similar a lot of German words are to English, and there is certainly no exception to this for German adjectives!

I’m going to tell you 75 of my favourite adjectives in German, which personally, even to a person who speaks no German whatsoever, but speaks English, I think would be interesting to read, even if it was purely from a linguistics point of view. As always, I’ve tried to categorise them for easier reference. Hope you enjoy reading these!

 

Colours – Farben 🎨

  1. beige = beige
  2. blau = blue
  3. blond = blonde, fair (when describing hair)
  4. braun = brown
  5. brünett = brunette (hair)
  6. cremefarben = cream
  7. gelb = yellow
  8. golden = golden
  9. grau = grey
  10. grün = green
  11. haselnussbraun = hazel (one of my faves, literally: hazel-nut-brown!, used when describing eye colour)
  12. kastanienbraun = chestnut/maroon (hair)
  13. kupferrot = ginger (hair – literally: copper-red!)
  14. lila = mauve [purple]
  15. marineblau = navy blue
  16. orange = orange
  17. purpur = crimson
  18. rosa = pink
  19. rot = red
  20. rotbraun = auburn (hair)
  21. schwarz = black
  22. silbern = silver
  23. türkis = turquoise
  24. violett = violet [purple]
  25. weiß = white

 

Surrounding Environment – die Umgebung 🏡

  1. bewölkt = cloudy
  2. dunkel = dark
  3. feucht = humid
  4. frostig = freezing, frosty
  5. heiß = hot
  6. hell = bright
  7. kalt = cold
  8. rein = clean, pure (air)
  9. sonnig = sunny
  10. stickig = stuffy, stale (air)
  11. verschmutzt = polluted
  12. warm = hot/warm

 

Feelings/personality traits – Gefühle und Persönlichkeitsmerkmale 💭

  1. böse = angry
  2. cool = cool
  3. deprimiert = depressed
  4. dumm = stupid
  5. erfreut = pleased
  6. geizig = mean, stingy
  7. gekränkt = hurt (feelings)
  8. gesprächig = talkative
  9. glücklich = happy
  10. großzügig = generous
  11. intelligent = intelligent
  12. klug = clever, wise
  13. lästig = annoying
  14. lustig = funny
  15. neidisch = envious
  16. nett = nice
  17. optimistisch = optimistic
  18. pessimistisch = pessimistic
  19. plump = clumsy/awkward
  20. realistisch = realistic, down-to-earth
  21. schüchtern = shy
  22. seltsam = strange
  23. still = quiet
  24. traurig = sad
  25. verliebt = in love

 

Shapes – die Form/die Gestalt 🌀

Unless otherwise indicated, the following words can be used to describe either an object or person (pretty much) interchangeably – when the context is appropriate, of course!

  1. dick = thick, chunky (object); of bigger build (person)
  2. dreieckig = triangular
  3. flach = flat
  4. groß = large (object); tall (person)
  5. gutaussehend = good-looking (person)
  6. hübsch = pretty, nice
  7. klein = small, little
  8. kugelförmig = spherical, globular
  9. quadratisch = square
  10. rechteckig = rectangular
  11. rund = round
  12. schlank = slim, slender
  13. schön = beautiful, handsome, pretty

 

[As always, always check the exact, correct context in which to use all these adjectives before using them irl! 😜]

 

Now, anyone who has learnt any German beyond the bare basics would know that using adjectives is pretty damned complicated(!): unlike English, German has endings put onto the end of the adjectives when they are put before the noun it describes (e.g. der schöne Kater). Which form this preceding adjective’s ending takes depends on:

  • Whether or not the noun it is describing has an article preceding it, and if so, whether it is a definite article (the) or an indefinite article (a/an);
  • The case the noun in question is in (nominative, accusative, dative or genitive);
  • The gender of the noun: is it masculine, feminine, neuter or plural?

However, once you’ve learnt the relevant tables (there’s only 3 of them, don’t worry!) and have had plenty of practice using them, as well as seeing them in use, you’ll be fine, and able to use these adjectives in a kick-ass way! And what’s more, everyone would learn German if it were easy, so those of us who actually decide to learn German (or any other widely spoken foreign language for that matter) can reap the benefits of being in the minority on this front (especially as native English speakers)! 🙌💁 As a famous saying goes:

“If it were easy, everyone would do it”

I may or may not do another post on adjectives, as again I only really feel as though I’ve just scraped the surface with this! 😜

I am actually thinking of doing a series on German grammar, if there is a demand for it. It would cover fundamental things like adjective endings, so please let me know if any of you would be interested and I’ll see what I can do! 🇩🇪

I’m going to Germany in a week’s time (how exciting!!), but hopefully I’ll find some time on Friday to do another blog post for y’all, once I’ve decided what to do it on! 😊 See you then!

Sarah xx

 

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